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Mount Everest

Mount Everest is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The China–Nepal border runs across its summit point. Its elevation of 8,848.86 m was most recently established in 2020 by the Chinese and Nepali authorities. With its elevation and accessibility, is one of the most popular destinations and a must-see destination for many tourists.

Mount Everest attracts many climbers, including highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal and the other from the north in Tibet. The south route tends to be popular because of easier terrain and facilities, such as base camp and emergency shelters. The north is usually more challenging via the northern Chinese Base Camp, featuring icefalls and traversing glaciers.

While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, and wind, as well as hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall. As of 2019, over 300 people have died on Everest, many of whom remain entombed there. Climbers must ensure they have the right gear and experience to attempt

The first recorded efforts to reach Everest's summit were made by British mountaineers. As Nepal did not allow foreigners to enter the country at the time, the British made several attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan side. After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7,000 m on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8,320 m, marking the first time a human had climbed above 8,000m. George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt in 1924 but never returned, sparking debate as to whether they were the first to reach the top. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first documented ascent of Everest in 1953, using the southeast ridge route. Norgay had reached 8,595 m the previous year as a member of the 1952 Swiss expedition. The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960.

Mount Everest remains one of the world’s most historic and formidable mountains, with its web of complicated routes, changing weather and unpredictable conditions. For tourists who wish to visit the mountain, they can take part in commercial trips, such as base camp expeditions, helicopter tours, and mountain flights. Such trips are a great way to learn more about the history, scenery and culture of Everest without putting one’s safety at risk.

Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas

Location: Solukhumbu District, Tibet

Elevation above the sea: 8,848.86 m


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